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The Cabinet Mission Plan of India

The Cabinet Mission Plan aimed to discuss and finalize plans for the transfer of power from the British Raj to Indian leadership, providing India with independence under Dominion status in the Commonwealth of Nations. The Mission held talks with the representatives of the Indian National Congress and the All India Muslim League, the two largest political parties in the Constituent Assembly of India.

The negotiations were conducted on behalf of the Congress by Abul Kalam Azad who was assisted by Nehru and Patel. The negotiations were bogged down on the basic question whether India was to remain united or to be split up to satisfy the Muslim League’s demand for Pakistan. The Congress opposed to the partition of the country. The Cabinet Mission then offered a compromise plan in their statement of May 16, 1946. They sketched a three-tier constitutional structure for India. On the top was to be a Union of India embracing British India as well as the Indian States, but dealing only with foreign affairs, defense and communications. The bottom tier was to consist of Provinces and States in which were to vest all residuary powers. The intermediate tier was to comprise "groups" to be formed by Provinces to deal with certain common subjects.

The Cabinet Mission Plan was a compromise but it did not really bring the two parties together.
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