In the year 1617, British East India Company had been permitted by the Mughal emperor Jahangir to trade in India. However, their gradual involvement in the politics of the country apart from the trade led the British to set upon their political dominion in India, which began with the battle of Plassey in the year 1757. Subsequent to the Battle of Buxar in the year 1764, the Company obtained the civil rights of government in Bengal from the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, which marked the commencement of the formal rule of the British Raj.
The first main movement in opposition to the British Raj was the Indian Rebellion of 1857, also referred as ‘First War of Independence’, ‘Indian Mutiny’ or ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. However, it was only in the year 1947 that India got independence from the British Raj.