The post-Mughal era saw the rise of the Maratha suzerainty amidst other small regional states. The Maratha Kingdom was established and strengthened by Chattrapati Shivaji. By the 18th century, the Maratha Empire transformed itself into the rule of the Peshwas. However, it was the Third Battle of Panipat in the year 1761 that gave the final blow to the supremacy of the Maratha Kingdom.
Both kingdom of Mysore and Hyderabad were turned into princely states under the British India. The Kingdom of Punjab that was rulers by member of he Sikh religion, was the last areas in the Indian subcontinent to be incorporated in the British Indian Empire. Approximately in the 18th century, the foundation of the modern Nepal was laid by the Gorkha rulers, and the Shahs as well as the Ranas, who stringently sustained their national individuality and honor.