India is the second most populated country in the world. The estimated population for March 10, 2008 is 1.13 billion people comprising approximately one-sixth of the world's population. According to the United Nation, by 2030 India will overcome China.
Uttar Pradesh is the most populated state in India, West Bengal is the most densely populated and the least populated states are Arunachal Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana. 25% of the Indian population lives in urban area and 31% of urban population is poor. 29 lives are added to the population every minute with a birth rate of 24.79% and a death rate of 8.88% per 1000 people.