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Legislative of India



India’s bicameral parliament consists of the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha. The Union Council of Ministers is responsible to the Lok Sabha. In India's parliamentary system, the executive is nominally subordinate to the legislature. There are maximum 545 members in the Lok Sabha.

A legislative proposal may go through three readings before it is voted on. After a bill has been passed by the originating house, it is sent to the other house, where it is debated and voted on. The second house can accept, reject, or amend the bill. If the bill is amended by the second house, it must be returned to the originating house in its amended form. If a bill is rejected by the second house, if there is disagreement about the proposed amendments, or if the second house fails to act on a bill for six months, the president is authorized to summon a joint session of Parliament to vote on the bill.

When the bill has been passed by both houses, it is sent to the president of India, who can refuse assent and send the bill back to Parliament for reconsideration. If both houses pass it again, with or without amendments, it is sent to the president a second time. The president of India is then obliged to assent to the legislation. After receiving the president's assent, a bill becomes an act.
 
 
 
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