Legislative Council forms a part of the state legislatures of India. It is also known as Vidhan Parishad. The Legislative Council serves as the upper house of a bicameral legislature in 6 states, i.e. in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir and Andhra Pradesh. It is a permanent house as it can not be dissolved. Only one-third of its members run for election every 2 years. Every member of Legislative Council serves for a term of 6 years.
The size of the Legislative Council cannot be more than one-third the membership of the Legislative Assembly of that state. But its size cannot be less than 40. One-sixth of its membership is nominated by the Governor from among persons who have excelled in science, arts, social service and other activities. Another one-third is elected by the local government bodies and one-twelfth by teachers of secondary schools, colleges and universities.