|Jyoti Basu was born in an upper middle-class Bengali family in Calcutta on July 8, 1914. He studied at St. Xaviers Collegiate School and did his graduation from Presidency School. He went to the United Kingdom to study law. There he was introduced to the Communist Party of Great Britain. He came back to India in 1940 and joined the Communist Party of India. In 1946, he got elected to the Bengal Legislative Assembly and in 1964 became one among the first nine members of the Polit Bureau of the lately formed Marxist. Later in, he became the Deputy Chief Minister of West Bengal. He has very many achievements to his credit.