|Irrigation in India has been an important factor for the growth in the Indian economy since 1951. Most of the country, which includes all of the northern, western and eastern parts of the country, depends on the south-west monsoons. The monsoon season arrives in India in June and is mainly responsible for the irrigation of the crops grown in India. The southern part of the country is however dependent on the northeast monsoon.
The Indian agricultural scenario has seen the maximum development and expenditures being done on irrigation alone. Projects like the Indira Gandhi Canal Project are a boost to the agricultural development of the country. All these efforts, projects and investments have made India the country with the second largest irrigated area in the world. However, problems have been seen with areas that are inadequately irrigated and also due to the dislocation of people due to these projects.