The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. The country lies between 8º4' and 37º6' north of the Equator and is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean to the south.
The four major geographical regions of India are, the great Himalayan range, The Indo Gangetic Plain, The Desert regions and The Deccan Plateau and Peninsula. The rivers may be classified as follows, The Himalayan Rivers, The Deccan Rivers, The Coastal Rivers and The Rivers of the inland drainage basin.
The climate of India is comprised of a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography. The nation sees four seasons, i.e. summer, spring, autumn and winter.
India is particularly rich in a variety of natural resources.