|India is the largest producer of wheat rice, tea, coffee and cotton in the world. There are three main harvesting season namely, rabi, kharif and summer. The crops that are mainly harvested during the kharif season are rice, jowar, bajra, cotton, maize, groundnut, soyabean and sugarcane. Major crops harvested during rabi season are gram, wheat, barley, rapeseed, mustard and linseed. Rice, maze and groundnuts are harvested during summer also.
Agriculture contributes nearly 30% to the gross domestic product of India. A significant area of almost 60 million hectares under irrigation, a well-developed agricultural research system and an increasing productivity in major crops are the main factors that has enabled Indian agriculture to become a globally competitive player.