|The Fundamental Duties of citizens were added by the 42nd Amendment Act in 1976. In order to enjoy the fundamental rights, the citizen of India is also required to abide to certain fundamental duties. These are considered as the duties that must be and should be performed by every citizen of India.
The Fundamental Duties obligate all citizens to respect the national symbols of India, the constitution of India, to cherish its heritage and assist in its defense. It aims to promote the equality of all individuals, protect the environment and public property, to develop "scientific temper", to renounce violence, to strive towards excellence and to provide free and compulsory education.
Ten fundamental duties have been framed out which are required to be observed by every citizen of India. These duties are:
The ten Fundamental Duties were given in Article 51-A of the constitution. The 11th fundamental duty was added by the 86th constitutional amendment in 2002. It stated that every citizen "who is a parent or guardian, to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years". Basically, the citizens are morally obligated by the constitution to perform these duties.
- To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
- To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
- To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
- To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
- To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India irrespective of religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
- To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
- To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures.
- To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
- To safeguard public property and to give up violence.
- To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.